Typical Spanish country houses:
- Cantabrian house
- Castilian house
- Andalusian farmhouses
- On the Mediterranean coast
- The Catalan farmhouse
- High mountain board
- Cassament Ibicenco
- The Mallorcan possessió
- Rustic refined
- Fusion field
The origin of this house associated with the farm or farm, goes back to the Roman villas, rectangular in plan. Built with stone from the region, it has a gable roof that, in areas near the sea, can be replaced by terraces. The usual thing is that the walls facing the wind are left blind, and only open windows - sometimes topped with gothic details - in the rest.THE CATALAN MASIA
Doors and windows are framed with large blocks of stone, and the main entrance to the house is enhanced by a semicircular arch.
Inside, the characteristic volta stands out: a roof of work seen with a domed shape. The floors, made of clay, contrast with the walls lined with lime. Key, in the kitchen, was the llar de foc, the low fire that constituted the nerve center of the farmhouse.HIGH MOUNTAIN EDGE
Between the Vall d'Aran and the Eastern Pyrenees, the houses are characterized by a slate roof with a steep slope through which the snow slips. It opens the caputxines, narrow windows that protrude from the roof. Wooden shutters are essential to insulate openings during storms. The houses are embedded in the earth to keep warm, and the stone facade faces south to take advantage of sunlight.
In two-storey buildings, the low was used as a warehouse for tools and agricultural products, while the family life was carried out in the high, attic.HIGH MOUNTAIN EDGE
The wood is key in the interior: it is present in floors, beams and in the interwoven of the roofs to counteract the hardness of an extreme climate in the winter.Cassament ibicenco
The Ibizan house arises from an initial block, a house, to which a rectangular block or cassament is added, which houses the kitchen and the living room or porxo, where he slept in the winter, on workbenches. The porxo is framed by a porch that insulates from the heat in the summer. If necessary, you can add rooms on the upper floor or high altitudes, as well as covered terraces. The cassament is low and closed towards the North, but towards the South it opens with the porxada, a covered terrace that is placed on the living room. Whitewashed facades are sometimes decorated with ocher and indigo touches.Cassament ibicenco
Inside, with clay or stoneware floors, the walls are decorated with lime and earthy pigmentsCassament Ibicenco
The windows, small, open in the center of the wall to ensure freshness in the hottest hours of heatThe Mallorcan possessió
The building is constructed in stone of marés, but the facade is covered with a mixture of clay, plaster, wood and cement, which provides a very peculiar texture. Its walls are made with two stone walls and an intermediate layer of gravel and mortar, which absorbs heat in the summer and refracts it inwards in the winter. The roof has two cladding of Arabic tiles that are placed concave at the same time, to conduct water, and convex, to insulate the building from heat.The Mallorcan possessió
Inside, work niches, arches, mosaics on the wall and mud or cobbled floors.The Mallorcan possessió
Home of owners of large lands, the property combines elements of Andalusian houses - organized around a central courtyard or courtyard - and Gothic details brought by the Catalans in the 13th century invasion.