Typical Spanish country houses:
- Cantabrian house
- Castilian house
- Andalusian farmhouses
- On the Mediterranean coast
- The Catalan farmhouse
- High mountain board
- Cassament Ibicenco
- The Mallorcan possessió
- Rustic refined
- Fusion field
The typical rustic house of the north is the house. It is a building with a corralada in front of the house. The facade is oriented at noon or southeast to avoid the cold. The building, of masonry seen or whitewashed, has angles and openings of masonry, and its gable roof is covered with Arabic tile. On the first floor, the gallery or solana stands out, a balcony that runs with large windows to take advantage of natural light. The solana sits on walls that serve as windshields and give rise to a porch, in which wooden gates with stone doorways are opened.
Inside, the walls are plastered and contrast with the floors, stone on the ground floor and chestnut wood on the top.THE CANTÁBRICA CORNISA
Doors and windows are easily identified by their quarters.THE CASTELLAN DIVERSITY
Except in the case of the Toledo cigar, there is no architecture that unifies both Castillas. Each zone has its own elements. However, some features are present in part of the Castilian dwellings, such as the roofs with mud tiles, with the concave tile to facilitate the snow fall in the cold areas. The entrance doors, of wood, have double swing and catnip. The walls are made of stone if there are quarries in the area, or adobe. The windows, without shutters or bars, are framed with stone blocks or wooden gates.
And inside, the natural mud floor is sometimes painted in a color that extends through the walls to form a mid-height plinth.THE CASTELLAN DIVERSITY
The furniture is sober, with the bacon table as a key piece. The work cabinets are closed with curtains instead of doors. And in the kitchen, the chimney is crossed with wands where the slaughter was smoked before.THE SOUTH AND THE ARAB FOOTPRINT
Muslim influence in the South left its mark on both humble homes and farmhouses. The walls that insulate the interior from extreme heat are constructed with tapial - earth agglutinated with water in plank formwork -, with adobe, or with stone in the mountain areas. The wood is used in the slabs and in the exposed beams that decorates both the ceilings and the barrel vaults.THE SOUTH AND THE ARAB FOOTPRINT
On the roof, with two or more waters, the Arabic tile is received with mud. Facades and interiors are cooled with white lime, sometimes dyed blue or of the ocher albero.THE SOUTH AND THE ARAB FOOTPRINT
The floor is made of mud or hydraulic tiles that draw beautiful mosaics, and the windows are enhanced with wrought iron bars. In the noble houses the gate or the gate leads to an inner courtyard, equipped with a fountain or a well.THE MEDITERRANEAN COAST
In the houses of the Mediterranean coast the openings of the north facade are small to protect from the wind of the tramontana, while in the south facade greater openings are allowed. The windows are rectangular, with wooden shutters that are painted in dark tones: English green, indigo or sealing red.THE MEDITERRANEAN COAST
The buildings are made with rough masonry, stone mares ashlars and Arabic tile roofs that, in the case of Menorca, are whitewashed to facilitate the reflection of sunlight.THE MEDITERRANEAN COAST
The walls are also bleached with lime, sometimes mixed with pigments and cement to draw a blue-gray or lead-gray plinth that protects from dirt. On the floor, cobblestones and clay tiles painted with a mixture of cement and almagre.